This panel, motivated by the proposal of ADPF 709 by the Articulation of Indigenous Peoples of Brazil (Apib) in the Supreme Federal Court, is dedicated to a shared analysis of the concept of genocide, as it has been articulated in the struggles of indigenous peoples, in the humanities and social, in legal practice. At the center of the debate are an examination of the elements that make it possible to characterize the Brazilian government's stance towards indigenous peoples in the context of the covid-19 pandemic as genocidal and an assessment of possible joint coping strategies, linking research, information and the defense of human rights. . To this end, the Panel brings together researchers and indigenous activists and partners, stimulating interdisciplinary debate and intercultural dialogue, understanding the cooperation of knowledge as fundamental to the achievement of effective actions to combat the pandemic among indigenous peoples, in the absence of the state. The event is a joint realization of Andhep, through the Forum on Violations of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (FVDPI), and the Center for Amerindian Studies at USP, within the scope of the campaign "Indigenous Peoples facing covid-19".
Jozileia Jagsó (Arpinsul; Indigenous Front to Combat Covid-19 in Indigenous Lands of the Southern Region)
Luiz Henrique Eloy (Apib; EHESS/France)
Eloísa Machado de Almeida (FGV Law School/SP; CADHu)
Rubens Valente (Columnist of UOL)
Rafael Pacheco (PPGAS and CEstA/USP; FVDPI)
with Maria Antonia Fulgêncio (UNAS) and Watatakalu Yawalapiti (ATIX)
mediation by Anai Vera (PPGAS / USP)
On the Friday of the month channel on youtube - https://bit.ly/sextadomes
Seven months of covid-19 and Brazil reaches the second place with the highest number of infected and dead in the world ranking. At a time when the contagion curve is still rising and the pandemic is advancing over regions of the country with low hospital capacity, several states and municipalities are beginning to adopt measures aimed at easing quarantine. The pandemic reinforced social inequalities, opened up privileges and showed that black and indigenous people remain the most vulnerable. How can we suggest rigorous hygiene at home when half the Brazilian population does not have access to piped water and sewage? How to suggest staying at home when many are not entitled to housing? How can we not leave, if the workforce of the so-called essential services is mostly black - and in some contexts, indigenous? How will the precipitous opening impact different parts of the population?
Closing the “Friday of the Month: In times of pandemic” debates, we sought representatives of the groups most affected by the current government's death policies: women from indigenous communities and black urban and rural communities. As shown by the ethnography made by Denise Pimenta (2019) on the Ebola epidemic in Sierra Leone, women were the main victims of the disease, not by chance: they were the ones who, through their relationships of affection and kinship, were at risk leading the fight against Ebola in their communities. This “dangerous care”, a notion that the researcher described in her research, is connected to the experiences and forms of care built by countless women leaders in the face of the arrival of covid-19 in their territories in Brazil. Yanomami mothers beg for their children's bodies; upper Xingu women will not be able to cry their relatives in the Qwarup ritual; in the quilombola community of Kalunga, in Goiás, young women were contaminated by employers who traveled outside the country and were then sent back to the community.
Constructing their own strategies to fight the disease in their territories, women-leaders invited to share their experiences on Friday of the month of July will bear witness to the impacts of the disease and the omissions of the Brazilian state in their communities; the autonomous initiatives built to face this scenario and the challenges that may still be imposed ahead. After all, is it the virus that kills or inequality? How can anthropological research help to reflect on these local constructions, in addition to resonating demands?
Friday of the Month Commission
Monthly Student Event of the Graduate Program in Social Anthropology at USP
Speakers: Ariane Couto Costa and Pâmilla Villas Boas Ribeiro
Coordination: Profa. Dr. Rose Satiko Gitirana Hikiji
Registration period: 14 to 16/07
More information at http://sce.fflch.usp.br/node/3725
The course aims to discuss the use of audiovisual as a tool in fieldwork. Based on the experiences of audiovisual production by the teachers in ethnographic works in the north of Minas Gerais and in Piauí with Afro-Brazilian culture groups of drumming, terreiros and quilombo capoeira, this will raise questions about the multiple representations that the filming exercise can provoke . When registering different practices, we saw in the film support, a polysemic narrative option that would make it possible to reduce the asymmetry between the demands and interests of researchers and the demands and interests of local groups. Building a filmic approach based on polyphony and an explicit dialogue with the interlocutors allows alternative forms of representation of the "other" from the meeting of points of view. It is important to note that audiovisual does not solve the problem of representation in the social sciences, but it can provide exercises to create contact zones, places where the voices of researchers and collaborators can echo. Means so that these voices and presences can occupy places where these people, for political and social reasons, have never before been able to be.
Ariane Couto is a master's student in Social Sciences (Social Anthropology) in the area of anthropology of Afro-Brazilian populations, researching cultural heritage and quilombos at FFCLH-USP.
Specialist (MBA) in Cultural Management from Fundação Getúlio Vargas (FGV SP), with emphasis in the area of Cultural Heritage Management. Bachelor of Arts (Linguistics and Literature) with German and Portuguese qualifications (2009) from the University of São Paulo (USP), Licensed in Portuguese Letters from the University of São Paulo (2010).
Pâmilla Vilas Boas is a doctoral student in Social Anthropology at USP and Master in Anthropology at UFMG (2017) with research in performance anthropology, on the drumming of the São Francisco River. She is a member of the Center for Anthropology, Performance and Drama at USP, director of the documentary on music and memory at the batuques of the São Francisco River and creator of the regional meeting of batuques in the upper middle São Francisco region in partnership with the quilombola community of Bom Jardim da Prata.
Speaker: Gibran Teixeira Braga
Coordination: Profa. Dr. Rose Satiko Gitirana Hikiji
Registration period: 14 to 16/07
More information at this link
The course is aimed at reflecting the music, in its broadest context as a key element in various social dynamics. Based on theoretical and ethnographic bibliography, we will discuss the relationship between music and the social markers of difference, from an intersectional perspective, and its relationship with the production of localities.
with Letícia Cesarino (UFSC), Carolina Parreiras (USP) and Fábio Malini (UFES)
mediation: Isabel Wittmann (PPGAS-USP)
On the Friday of the month channel on youtube - https://bit.ly/sextadomes
Since the beginning of the 21st century, the emergence of new communication and information technologies has been transforming forms of sociality and fueling debates inside and outside academia. In the field of media, the advent of digital has produced both changes in the fabric or materiality of cinema, photography and television images - to keep only three examples - and in the constitution of new relations of power and domination. Therefore, a series of substantial changes in the ways of agency and the relationship of its users with the world and with others. In this context of transformations, with the establishment of large conglomerates for the production of digital content and the management of communication platforms over the internet, the Sexta do Month proposes the debate “Social networks, fake news and forms of sociality”, seeking to question: How do the internet and the different digital communication platforms produce forms of sociality and political and social belonging? What are the effects of these changes on your users and their subjectivities? What is the impact of these digital networks on the institutions that modernity has consecrated as places of production of truth / objectivity? The consolidated ways of accessing these media by users and viewers, such as the massive use of smartphones in the most diverse spheres of life (social, political, affective, sexual) promote what kind of inflections in the ways in which these products are created by these large companies. technology? And, mainly, how has Anthropology and Social Sciences been dedicated to thinking about these new configurations of the social produced through these media? This edition of the Sixth of the Month addresses issues such as those outlined above, promoting a debate on how the transformations brought about by these technologies are reflected not only in the forms-content of these communication and entertainment platforms, but also in the subjectivities and notions of people of their own users.
com Flavia Medeiros (UFSC) e Aline Feitoza de Oliveira (Caaf-Unifesp)
mediação: Aline Murillo (PPGAS-USP)
Quinta-feira, 28 de maio de 2020, 17h
No canal da sexta do mês no youtube - bit.ly/2XuCu25
with Flavia Medeiros (UFSC) and Aline Feitoza de Oliveira (Caaf-Unifesp)
mediation: Aline Murillo (PPGAS-USP)
Thursday, May 28, 2020, 5 pm
On the Friday of the month channel on youtube - bit.ly/2XuCu25
Death continues to pursue the humanities, as a certain future - expected, feared, or postponed -, also disturbing the social sciences and anthropology. In addition to its reflective aspect, which offers us questions about the meaning of existence, through death ethical, political, religious and socioeconomic problems are outlined, associated with health, public security, health policy, geopolitics and biosafety.
Like any art, the routing of death, of the dead and their remnants, whether at the Medical-Legal Institute of Rio de Janeiro, among the Yanomami Indians, or at the Working Group on the Clandestine Ditch of the Perus Cemetery, is always supported by certain ethical principles, specialized procedures, specific rites and meets certain collective values and objectives - to guarantee the transition between life and death, to reaffirm social collectivities and to ensure the continuity of the presence and, at times, to clarify the history.
The new coronavirus now appears as a total enemy: it threatens the integrity of every human body, impacts entire national economies, alters each person's self-consciousness, endangers the continuity of life and societies that are known. For Cameroonian historian Achille Mbembe, the Covid-19 virus and pandemic enable us to renew our perception of putrescibility and to live "in the neighborhood of death itself", so that our exact social isolation is a policy of containment: it is, in the limit, our own notion of humanity that is at stake, again.
Around the world, for a long time, coexistence with clandestine ditches with missing politicians, conflicts and civil wars, burials without consent, massive exterminations - and, in the current covid-19 pandemic, health determinations that prevent mourning and political choices about who should live and who should die - cover the death of terror, and explain the ethical issues of dying and the policies of the living and the ways of producing death (s).
In this second edition of the Friday of the Month "In times of pandemic", we ask: What can experiences with the dead of Covid-19 reveal about the policies of the living, in their understanding of the body, death, life, mourning and memory? What is new and what is repeated in Covid-19, in the relationship between the living and their dead? And in general, who are the dead? What is there to say about our bodies? How do the political representatives of the dead act to defend their dignity?
with Denise Pimenta (PPGAS / USP) and João Felipe Gonçalves (USP)
mediation: Renato Sztutman (USP)
[live stream on Friday's YouTube channel] - https://bit.ly/sextadomes
In one of his recent texts on the Covid-19 pandemic, the philosopher Paul B. Preciado exhorts us, in his words, to “learn from the virus”, underlining how it reveals and reinforces “dominant forms of biopolitical and necropolitical management” of the population. Another philosopher, Ailton Krenak, summons us to postpone the end of the world, admitting nature as an “immense multitude of forms”, over which humanity, by placing itself as a “measure of things”, underestimates and runs over; “thousands of people who insist on staying out of this civilized dance, of technique, of planet control (...) are removed from the scene, due to epidemics, poverty, hunger, directed violence "(2019). Starting from these provocations, on the first Friday of the Month 2020 we want to think together from the figure of the virus, trying to deepen discussions about the social impacts of this specific pandemic and other epidemics, in addition to reflecting on the place of the notion of virus in contemporary social thought. In this virtual meeting between different anthropological perspectives, we intend to cross reflect on some of the key concepts and concepts of our discipline, such as: sociality, relationship, social markers of difference, body, substance, health e / disease, visible / invisible, human / non-human, power, politics, State. Thus, we seek to think: what effects can epidemics or the spread of diseases have in different social contexts? How does the figure of the virus, seen as a symptom of the “mode of governance of late liberalism” (Povinelli, 2016), agency past and future? How does it relate to state power and how does it design new grammars for the production of bodies? What place do these diseases occupy in the minds of the Amerindian peoples, who have for centuries overcome devastating scenarios of contact and contagion by non-indigenous diseases?
with Rosenilton Oliveira (FEUSP) and Hélio Menezes (PPGAS / USP)
Mediation: Terra Johari (USP)
Friday, October 18, 2019, 2pm
“What‘ black ’is this in black culture?” Asks Stuart Hall in a study on the presence of African cultural heritage in the transatlantic context. The debate around artistic and cultural productions and their respective producers gains emblematic contours when it comes to adjectivating them from toponymic (African, European, American, etc.) or ethnic-racial (black, indigenous, among others) markers.
In the Brazilian case, the controversy about the “afro” and the “Brazilian” is a dilemma that founds the nation, a process marked by an asymmetric dialogue between subjects and cultures. On the one hand, in the field of the arts, as anthropologist Hélio Menezes shows in the curatorship of the exhibition Histórias Afro-Atlântica (MASP / Instituto Tomie Ohtake), it was agreed to call “black art” that in which black bodies and people were represented, without the question of black authorship being on the agenda. In his master's dissertation, Menezes argues that the difficulties in conceptualizing this art and its different meanings, throughout the 20th century, are related to the ambiguities that inform race relations in Brazil. On the other hand, Rosenilton Oliveira, at the crossroads between discursive practices and political actions, demonstrates how the notions of “culture” and “black identity” assume ambiguous conceptions among the religious groups that make up the black movement in Brazil, so that the so-called “processes of reafricanization ”assume perspectives that are sometimes radically different, but which, paradoxically, allow consensus to be established in the public sphere.
This Friday of the month we want to reflect on the processes of (re / de) Africanization of art and culture produced in the American continent. We will think from two ethnographies produced at PPGAS / USP, “The color of faith: 'black identity' and religion”, thesis by Rosenilton Oliveira and “Between the visible and the hidden: the construction of the concept of Afro-Brazilian art”, dissertation by Hélio Menezes. With them, we want to ask ourselves: What are the challenges observed in the process of classifying artistic and cultural productions of African origin? What do the categories that name products and producers in the field of art and cultural identities reveal?
with Marco Tobón Ocampo (Unicamp) and Roberta Marcondes Costa (NEIP / USP)
Mediation: Arthur Fontgalant (PPGAS / USP)
Who owns the land? Who has the right to claim parts of it and the various beings that inhabit it? Who determines its distribution or division? ”Asks philosopher Achille Mbembe before a world that limits movement and reinforces borders. Borders increasingly become spaces for reinforcing and reproducing vulnerabilities, for imprisoning ideas and movements. But what are borders?
Among geopolitical and symbolic meanings, borders are commonly read as limits, boundaries, contiguous spaces. In addition to the demarcation of spatialities, the notion of frontier also produces and accentuates vulnerabilities, limits movements, encodes bodies and relationships, seeks to control becoming and intensities. The fact is that the notion of frontier has long moved anthropological thinking, in different forms and in different fields.
While the ethnographies produced in the so-called territorial “frontier regions” pursue this notion, demonstrating both their permeability through the transit of people and collectives and the contingency of relations between lands and their people, Anthropology itself is produced by producing its own borders, mobilizing objects and issues that stabilize and / or deconstruct theoretical, conceptual, methodological and disciplinary boundaries. If anthropological knowledge is inherently relational (Wagner, 1975), researchers' relations with other worlds make our discipline continually rethink and (re) invent its borders.
From gender studies to the Anthropology of the body and health; from scientific practices to native cosmopolitics, among other fields, Anthropology is faced with “frontier regions”, marked by codifications, movements, stabilizations and destabilizations. If anthropologies that attempted to identify boundaries between ethnic groups seem distant, the notion of boundary certainly does not seem to be an “endangered object” (Sahlins, 1997).
On the Friday of the month of September we want to think from the frontiers and we invite everyone, everyone and everyone to know some anthropological points of view around this notion, taking it as a datum of certain contexts of ethnographic research, as well as an object of conceptual reflection of our discipline.
with Alana Moraes (National Museum / UFRJ), Chirley Pankará (USP) and Jacqueline Moraes Teixeira (USP)
Mediation: Jesser Ramos (PPGAS / USP)
At the end of the semester, due to the strike and mobilizations in defense of science, public education and universities, the Sixth of the Month collective invites everyone to think about the challenges of doing anthropology at the moment we are living, in that Brazil is going through so many setbacks.
Under the title "Anthropology in times of catastrophe", we will start from political and ethnographic experiences to bring together the student body and reflect not only on the effects of the current moment on academic production in Anthropology, but especially on how collaborative trajectories between anthropologists and their partners , in different research contexts, can produce deviant (or creative) ways of challenging this reality - read by many as a catastrophe. As Isabelle Stengers proposes in the time of catastrophes, what must be done today is not only to question those responsible for the crises, but to “intervene”, that is, to ask questions, to think about what should be done and for the possibility to exist of a future that is not barbaric, starting from struggles that are already underway.
Borrowing the idea of "ethnographic pact", which Bruce Albert developed in his relationship with the Yanomami, we want to transform this Friday of the Month into an assembly, not only of researchers, but of perspectives around anthropological doing - and different experiences "ethnographic pact". In short, it is a methodological but also eminently political reflection.
From Jacqueline Teixeira we will hear about research with evangelical women at IURD; Alana Moraes will speak from the kitchens of the homeless occupations in the city of São Paulo; Chirley Pankará, in turn, brings contributions from indigenous collectives and schools, sharing reflections as a researcher, manager and parliamentarian; Jesser Ramos, mediator of the debate, offers us his experiences at Casa 1 - Center for Culture and LGBT Reception.