Research areas, research groups and faculty
1. Anthropology of Politics and Law
This research area brings together studies on the political dimensions of social life and focuses on the formation of political communities, the emergence of new subjects of rights, and the rules and values which produce politics and law as specific domains. It includes researches brought together by NADIR (Center for the Anthropology of Law - http://antropologiausp.blogspot.com.br/2010/10/nadir.html) and by Hybris (Group for the Study and Research of Power Relations, Conflicts, and Socialities - http://antropologiausp.blogspot.com.br/2010/10/hybris.html). Professors Ana Claudia Duarte Rocha Marques, Ana Lúcia Pastore Schritzmeyer, and Júlio Assis Simões.
2. Anthropology of Expressive Forms
The anthropology of expressive forms reflects on the specificities of the forms of aesthetic expression of different periods and cultures. It includes investigating the relations between anthropological and aesthetic production as well as between art and ethnography. It focuses on human creativity as well as on processes engendering forms of expression embedded in specific cultural contexts. Anthropological investigation goes beyond the materiality that underpins these creations (color, wood, stone, sound, words, gestures, etc.) and focuses on their organization, as well as on the intentions from which they result. This research line includes the anthropology of art and its various subfields, such as ethno-aesthetics and the study of performing arts. Research and teaching areas: image (photography, film, painting), music, dance, literature, theater. Various research centers are associated to the area, such as LISA (Image and Sound Anthropology Lab) - http://www.lisa.usp.br/); GRAVI (Visual Anthropology Group - http://antropologiausp.blogspot.com.br/2010/12/gravi.html); PAM (Research in the Anthropology of Music - dgp.cnpq.br/dgp/espelhogrupo/8424288575915185); NAPEDRA (Anthropology of Performance and Drama - http://antropologiausp.blogspot.com.br/2010/10/napedra.html); and ASA (Arts, Knowledge and Anthropology - http://www.coletivoasa.dreamhosters.com). Professors Fernanda Arêas Peixoto, John Cowart Dawsey, Pedro de Niemeyer Cesarino, Rose Satiko Gitirana Hikiji, and Sylvia Caiuby Novaes.
3. African and Afro-Brazilian Populations
This research line undertakes to understand the sociocultural processes of black populations in Brazil, especially racial relations, Afro-Brazilian religions, ethnic identity studies, and the analysis of the colonial process and its transformations. It includes researchers from CERNE (Center for the Study of Black Contemporary Religiosities and Cultures - http://www.fflch.usp.br/da/post.php?id=94#&panel1-4&panel2-1), the EthnoHistory Group (http://antropologiausp.blogspot.com.br/2010/10/etnohistoria.html), and NUMAS/Social Markers of Difference (numasusp.blogspot.com). Professors Kabengele Munanga, Laura Moutinho, Lilia Moritz Schwarcz, and Vagner Gonçalves da Silva.
4. Anthropology and History
This research line includes projects in historical anthropology that look back in time in the light of anthropological issues and perspectives. It also connects projects that endeavor to reexamine the anthropological production from a comparative perspective, thus aiming at mapping transnational networks of professionals and ideas. It includes the Ethnohistory research group (http://antropologiausp.blogspot.com.br/2010/10/etno-historia.html). Professor Lilia Schwarcz.
5. Rural Anthropology
The Rural Anthropology area brings together studies focusing on social processes of peasant formations; customary law and its relations to official law; and symbolic dimensions and cultural dynamics in rural contexts. It includes researches developed by GAIA/Legal, Agrarian and Environmental Anthropology http://antropologiausp.blogspot.com.br/2010/10/gaia.html). Professors Ana Claudia Duarte Rocha Marques and Margarida Maria Moura.
6. Urban Anthropology
This research area investigates social groups and institutions, cultural processes, and spatial dynamics in contemporary urban contexts. It emphasizes territorialities, social movements, and discussions of urban requalification processes as well as the analysis of sociability, youth, and leisure networks. The area has recently been expanded to include the study of Amazonian cities. It includes researches carried out by GEAC (Anthropology of the City Study Group - http://antropologiausp.blogspot.com.br/2010/10/geac.html) and LAB-NAU (Urban Anthropology Laboratory - http://n-a-u.org/). Professors Heitor Frúgoli Jr., José Guilherme Cantor Magnani, and Silvana de Souza Nascimento.
7. Amerindian Anthropology
Amerindian Studies focus on the social life forms, symbolic manifestations, inter-ethnic relations, history, and environmental contexts of Amerindian peoples. Research focuses on various domains, such as kinship, social organization, politics, shamanism, mythology, ritual, nature and culture. The website of the Amerindian Studies Center (http://www.usp.br/cesta) includes its research projects and investigators. Professors Beatriz Perrone-Moisés, Dominique Tilkin Gallois, Manuela Carneiro da Cunha, Márcio Ferreira da Silva, Marina Vanzolini Figueiredo, Marta Rosa Amoroso, Pedro de Niemeyer Cesarino, Renato Sztutman, and Sylvia Caiuby Novaes.
8. Social Markers of Difference
This research area focuses on the social production of difference through the articulation of the categories of “race, gender, sex, age, and class” from the perspective of the configuration of systems of social classification as well as of bodies and collective identities. Researches in this area are carried out by NUMAS (numas-usp.blogspot.com) and include a wide range of research topics in the field of gender and sexuality as well as of what was previously designated as the field of “racial studies.” It is permeable to intersections and cross-overs with the anthropology of consumption, politics, and media. Professors Heloisa Buarque de Almeida, Júlio Assis Simões, Laura Moutinho, Marcelo Tavares Natividade, and Silvana de Souza Nascimento.
9. Popular Religiosity and Religious Institutions
This research area investigates religious systems and practices in their various dimensions: institutional, ritual, and mythological. It analyzes the denominations that make up the diversity of the Brazilian religious field: Catholicism, AfroBrazilian religions, Pentecostalism, and others. It includes researches developed by CERNe (Studies in Contemporary Religiosities and Black Cultures - http://www.fflch.usp.br/da/post.php?id=94#&panel1-4&panel2-1) and the “Religions, Secularism and the Public Sphere in Contemporary Brazil” research group. Professors Marcelo Tavares Natividade, Paula Montero, and Vagner Gonçalves da Silva.